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Jordanian Dialysis Patients' Perceived Exercise Benefits and Barriers: A correlation study




To investigate Jordanian end-stage renal disease (ESRD)patients' perceived exercise benefits and barriers, and their correlation with patients' demographic variables and dialysis measures.


A descriptive correlational study was conducted using cross-sectional survey, using a convenience sample of 190 ESRD dialyzed patients who were recruited from eight hospitals in Jordan.


Participants significantly perceived exercise benefits (M= 2.88/4, SD± .67) higher than barriers (M= 2.66, SD± .62). The most frequent perceived exercise benefits were preventing muscular atrophy and improving mood, whereas tiredness and lower-extremity fatigue were the most frequent exercise barriers. Finally, acceptable values of Cronbach's Alpha were revealed for perceived exercise subscale, barriers subscale, and total scale (α= .88, .81, and .70, respectively).


Participants focused more on exercise benefits than barriers, and on direct exercise benefits and barriers than the indirect.

Clinical Relevance

The results of this study have important implications for the efforts that aim at improving ESRD patients' exercise behaviors.