USING ECOLOGICAL AND BIOGEOGRAPHICAL FEATURES TO PRODUCE A TYPOLOGY OF THE PLANT SPECIES USED IN BIOENGINEERING FOR RIVERBANK PROTECTION IN EUROPE
Article first published online: 9 AUG 2011
Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
River Research and Applications
Volume 28, Issue 10, pages 1830–1842, December 2012
How to Cite
Evette, A., Balique, C., Lavaine, C., Rey, F. and Prunier, P. (2012), USING ECOLOGICAL AND BIOGEOGRAPHICAL FEATURES TO PRODUCE A TYPOLOGY OF THE PLANT SPECIES USED IN BIOENGINEERING FOR RIVERBANK PROTECTION IN EUROPE. River Res. Applic., 28: 1830–1842. doi: 10.1002/rra.1560
- Issue published online: 17 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 9 AUG 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 23 MAY 2011
- Manuscript Revised: 13 MAY 2011
- Manuscript Received: 21 MAR 2011
- biotechnical engineering;
- fuzzy correspondence analysis;
- riverbank stabilization and protection;
- soil bioengineering;
River managers involved in riverbank protection need plant-selection guidelines based on the biogeographical and ecological requirements of a wide variety of plant species. In this study, we propose a double typology of the woody plant species used in riverbank protection bioengineering in Europe based on ecological and biogeographical features.
The statistical analyses of existing data highlight the important role played by waterlogging tolerance, soil moisture, soil productivity and light exposure in species classification, whereas acidity was less selective. Ninety-five species were classified in 11 ecological groups according to the six ecological variables. Based on three biogeographical variables (altitude, continentality and geographic distribution), a second classification gave five biogeographical groups clustering species according to their geographic preferences.
Independent biogeographical and ecological typologies allow river managers to be consistent with the regional altitudinal and climatic environment and to select species adapted to the local environmental conditions of the riverbank considered. This study is of particular interest because its methodology and results are applicable to slope protection in general as well as to potential changes resulting from climate change. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.