INFLUENCE OF RIPARIAN AND WATERSHED ALTERATIONS ON SANDBARS IN A GREAT PLAINS RIVER
Article first published online: 1 AUG 2014
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
River Research and Applications
How to Cite
2014), INFLUENCE OF RIPARIAN AND WATERSHED ALTERATIONS ON SANDBARS IN A GREAT PLAINS RIVER, River Res. Applic., doi: 10.1002/rra.2811, , and (
- Article first published online: 1 AUG 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 30 JUN 2014
- Manuscript Revised: 20 JUN 2014
- Manuscript Received: 18 MAR 2014
- Kansas River;
- land use;
- Great Plains
Anthropogenic alterations have caused sandbar habitats in rivers and the biota dependent on them to decline. Restoring large river sandbars may be needed as these habitats are important components of river ecosystems and provide essential habitat to terrestrial and aquatic organisms. We quantified factors within the riparian zone of the Kansas River, USA, and within its tributaries that influenced sandbar size and density using aerial photographs and land use/land cover (LULC) data. We developed, a priori, 16 linear regression models focused on LULC at the local, adjacent upstream river bend, and the segment (18–44 km upstream) scales and used an information theoretic approach to determine what alterations best predicted the size and density of sandbars. Variation in sandbar density was best explained by the LULC within contributing tributaries at the segment scale, which indicated reduced sandbar density with increased forest cover within tributary watersheds. Similarly, LULC within contributing tributary watersheds at the segment scale best explained variation in sandbar size. These models indicated that sandbar size increased with agriculture and forest and decreased with urban cover within tributary watersheds. Our findings suggest that sediment supply and delivery from upstream tributary watersheds may be influential on sandbars within the Kansas River and that preserving natural grassland and reducing woody encroachment within tributary watersheds in Great Plains rivers may help improve sediment delivery to help restore natural river function. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.