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Feature evaluation of complex hysteresis smoothing and its practical applications to noisy SEM images

Authors

  • Kazuhiko Suzuki,

    1. Department of Information Design, Faculty of Informatics, Kogakuin University, Tokyo, Japan
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  • Eisaku Oho

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Information Design, Faculty of Informatics, Kogakuin University, Tokyo, Japan
    • Address for reprints: Eisaku Oho, Department of Information Design, Faculty of Informatics, Kogakuin University, 2665–1 Nakano-machi, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0015, Japan

      E-mail: oho@cc.kogakuin.ac.jp

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Summary

Quality of a scanning electron microscopy (SEM) image is strongly influenced by noise. This is a fundamental drawback of the SEM instrument. Complex hysteresis smoothing (CHS) has been previously developed for noise removal of SEM images. This noise removal is performed by monitoring and processing properly the amplitude of the SEM signal. As it stands now, CHS may not be so utilized, though it has several advantages for SEM. For example, the resolution of image processed by CHS is basically equal to that of the original image. In order to find wide application of the CHS method in microscopy, the feature of CHS, which has not been so clarified until now is evaluated correctly. As the application of the result obtained by the feature evaluation, cursor width (CW), which is the sole processing parameter of CHS, is determined more properly using standard deviation of noise Nσ. In addition, disadvantage that CHS cannot remove the noise with excessively large amplitude is improved by a certain postprocessing. CHS is successfully applicable to SEM images with various noise amplitudes. SCANNING 35:292-301, 2013. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc

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