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  • Groves, F. H. (1990). A qualitative study of the beliefs and professional backgrounds of secondary level science teachers in a public school and a Protestant Christian school in Colorado (Doctoral dissertation, University of Colorado at Boulder, 1990, DA9032836). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (6), 1975-A.
  • Gussarsky, E. & Gorodetsky, M. (1990). On the concept “chemical equilibrium”: The associative framework. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (3), 197204.
  • Hall, D. A. (1990, April). The effects of an innovative activity-centered biology program on attitude toward elementary teachers. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, Atlanta, GA.
  • Hall, D. A., & McCurdy, D. W. (1990). A comparison of a biological sciences curriculum study (BSCS) laboratory and a traditional laboratory on student achievement at two private liberal arts colleges. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (7), 625636.
  • Hart, P., & Robottom, I. M. (1990). The science-technology-society movement in science education: a critique of the reform process. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (6), 575588.
  • Harvey, M. R. (1990). The relationship between children's experiences with vegetation on school grounds and their environmental attitudes. Journal of Environmental Education, 21 (2), 915.
  • Hatch, P. H. (1990). Extracurricular correlates of interest in science for first year biology students (Doctoral dissertation, George Mason University, 1989, DA9003768). Dissertation Abstracts International, 50 (9), 2853-A.
  • Hauslein, P. L. (1990). The effect of teaching upon the biology content cognitive structure of teachers (Doctoral dissertation, The Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College, 1989, DA9002148). Dissertation Abstracts International, 50 (8), 2369-A.
  • Hayden, L. B., & Gray, M. W. (1990, April). A successful intervention program for high ability minority students. School Science and Mathematics, 90 (4), 323333.
  • Heinze-Fry, J. A., & Novak, J. D. (1990). Concept mapping brings long-term movement toward meaningful learning. Science Education, 74 (4), 461472.
  • Hill, J. C., & Tanveer, S. A. (1990). Developing a program to improve science education in Pakistan: A six year implementation cycle. Science Education, 74 (2), 241251.
  • Hill, O. W., Pettus, W. C. & Hedin, B. A. (1990). Three studies of factors affecting the attitudes of blacks and females toward the pursuit of science and science-related careers. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (4), 289314.
  • Hofstein, A., Maoz, N., & Rishpon, M. (1990, January). Attitudes towards school science: A comparison of participants and nonparticipants in extracurricular science activities. School Science and Mathematics, 90 (1), 1322.
  • Horn, L. (1990, April). Trends in high school math and science course taking: Effects of gender and ethnicity. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Boston, MA.
  • Hoz, R., Tomer, Y., & Tamir, P. (1990). The relations between disciplinary and pedagogical knowledge and the length of teaching experience of biology and geography teachers. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (10), 973985.
  • Hsu, S. Y., & Howe, R. W. (1990). An analysis of a model for developing instructional material for teaching physical science concepts for grade 8 students in the Republic of China (Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, 1989, DA9011190). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (2), 471-A.
  • Huang, S. (1990). An investigation of the needs, availability, and usage of media-aided instruction in upper grades elementary science teaching in Taiwan, The Republic of China (Doctoral dissertation, University of Northern Colorado, 1990, DA9029132). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (6), 1975-A.
  • Jackman, L. E., Moellenberg, W. P., & Brabson, G. D. (1990). Effects of conceptual systems and instructional methods on general chemistry laboratory achievement. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (7), 699709.
  • Jegede, O. J., & Okebukola, P. A. (1990). The relationship between African traditional cosmology and students' acquisition of a science process skill. Research report EDS 17402.
  • Jegede, O. J., Alaiyemola, F. F., & Okebukola, P. A. O. (1990). The effect of concept mapping on students' anxiety and achievement in biology. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (10), 951960.
  • Jegede, O. J., Okebukola, P. A. & Ajewole (1990, April). Attitude to the use of the computer for learning biological concepts and achievement of students in an environment dominated by indigenous technology. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, Atlanta GA.
  • Jinks, J., & Lord, R. (1990, February). The better elementary science teaching project: Overcoming the rural teacher's professional and academic isolation. School Science and Mathematics, 90 (2), 125133.
  • Johnson, A. W. (1990, April). The year-long first course in organic chemistry. Journal of Chemical Education, 67 (4), 299303.
  • Jones, J. L., & Rowsey, R. E. (1990). The effects of immediate achievement and retention of middle school students involved in a metric unit designed to promote the development of estimating skills. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (9), 901913.
  • Jones, M. G. (1990). Action zone theory, target students and science classroom interactions. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (7), 651660.
  • Jones, M. G., & Wheatley, J. (1990). Gender differences in teacher-student interactions in science classrooms. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (9), 861874.
  • Juang, C. (1990). The effects of the temporal position of computer-based practice on solving quantitative problems in physical science (Doctoral dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1989, DA9010904). Dissertation Abstracts International, 50 (12), 3912-A.
  • Jungwirth, E., & Dreyfus, A. (1990, Spring). Diagnosing the attainment of basic enquiry skills: The 100-year-old quest for critical thinking. Journal of Biological Education, 24 (1), 4249.
  • Kabir, Z. (1990). A comparative study of illustrated versus non-illustrated instruments in the determination of cognitive level knowledge of selected oceanography concepts by science teachers of Mississippi and Alabama (Doctoral dissertation, University of Southern Mississippi, 1989, DA9020870). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (3), 810-A.
  • Kim, C. J. (1990). Students' intuitive ideas about “water in the atmosphere”: A cross-age study (Doctoral dissertation, University of Texas at Austin, 1989, DA9016912). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (2), 472-A.
  • Kim, H. (1990). Microcomputer-based laboratories and learning: An ethnographic study of a science classroom in an urban elementary/middle school (Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University, 1989, DA9000868). Dissertation Abstracts International, 50 (8), 2463-A.
  • Kiokaew, S. (1990). Comparing college freshmen's concepts of covalent bonding and structure in the College of Science and the College of Education at Prince of Songkhla University, Thailand (Doctoral dissertation, University of Missouri Columbia, 1989, DA8925298). Dissertation Abstracts International, 50 (11), 3543-A.
  • Klag, W. P. (1990). Effect of science materials and equipment instruction on preservice elementary teachers' attitudes, knowledge, and use of science equipment (Doctoral dissertation, University of Northern Colorado, 1990, DA9029133). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (6), 1989-A.
  • Klevans, M. (1990). An evaluation of an interactive computer exhibit in a museum setting (Doctoral dissertation, University of Texas at Austin, 1990 DA9031621). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (6), 1976-A.
  • Klopfer, L. E., & Champagne, A. B. (1990). Ghosts of crisis past. Science Education, 74 (2), 133154.
  • Kruse, D. H. (1990). The effects of laboratory investigations using interactive videodisc or computer simulations on student control for variables, measurements, time involvement, interaction, success, and perceptions (Doctoral dissertation, Kansas State University, 1989, DA9016528). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (2), 472-A.
  • Kuechle, J. A. (1990). The effects of written planning on 6th grade boys' and girls' ability to control variables during practical assessment (Doctoral dissertation, University of Minnesota, 1990, DA9027346). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (5), 1567-A.
  • Kutnick, P. J. (1990, January). A social critique of cognitively based science curricula. Science Education, 74 (1), 8794.
  • Lawrenz, F. (1990). Science teaching techniques associated with higher-order thinking skills. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (9), 835847.
  • Lawson, A. E. (1990a). Use of reasoning to a contradiction in grades three to college. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (6), 541551.
  • Lawson, A. E. (1990b). Science education in Japan and the United States: Are the Japanese beating us at our own game?. Science Education, 74 (4), 495501.
  • Lawson, A. E., & Weser, J. (1990). The rejection of nonscientific beliefs about life: Effects of instruction and reasoning skills. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (6), 589606.
  • Lederman, N. G., & O'Malley, M. (1990). Students' perceptions of tentativeness in science: development, use, and sources of change. Science Education, 74 (2), 225239.
  • Lee, O. (1990). Motivation to learn science in middle school classrooms (Doctoral dissertation, Michigan State University, 1989, DA9012024). Dissertation Abstracts International, 50 (12), 3898-A.
  • Lee, O., Eichinger, D. C., Anderson, C. W., Berkheimer, G. D., & Blakeslee, T. D. (1990, April). Changing middle school students' conceptions of matter and molecules. Research Series no. 194, Michigan State University, East Lansing. Institute for Research on Teaching.
  • Lehman, J. R. (1990, February). Students' verbal interactions during chemistry laboratories. School Science and Mathematics, 90 (2), 142150.
  • Lijnse, P. (1990). Energy between the life-world of pupils and the world of physics. Science Education, 74 (5), 571583.
  • Lijnse, P. L., Kortland, K., Eijkelhof, H. M. C., Van Genderen, D. and Hooymayers, H. P. (1990, January). A thematic physics curriculum: A balance between contradictory curriculum forces. Science Education, 74 (1), 95103.
  • Lin, S. H. (1990). An analysis of the earth science textbook used in junior high schools in Taiwan in terms of new goals for science education and a comparison of it with a similar U.S. textbook (Doctoral dissertation, University of Iowa, 1989, DA9019950). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (5), 1567-A.
  • Lin, Y. (1990). Science curriculum development in the elementary schools of the United States and Taiwan, Republic of China, 1957-1988 (Doctoral dissertation, University of South Dakota, 1990, DA9029777). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (6), 1892-A.
  • Linder, C. J. (1990). A case study of university physics students' conceptualizations of sound (Doctoral dissertation, The University of British Columbia (Canada), 1989). Dissertation Abstracts International, 50 (12), 3913-A.
  • Lloyd, C. V. (1990). The elaboration of concepts in three biology textbooks: Facilitating student learning. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (10), 10191032.
  • Lock, R. (1990). Assessment of practical skills: Part 2. Context dependency and construct validity. Research in Science and Technological Education, 8 (1), 3552.
  • Lott, G. W. (1990). Case studies in conceptual change: The influence of preconceptions and aspects of the task environment (Doctoral Dissertation, Michigan State University, 1989, DA8923869). Dissertation Abstracts International, 50 (7), 2005-A.
  • Lundeberg, M. A. (1990). Supplemental instruction in chemistry. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (2), 145155.
  • Lynch, S. J. (1990a). Fast-paced science for the academically talented: Issues of age and competence. Science Education, 74 (6), 585596.
  • Lynch, S. J. (1990b, Winter). Credit and placement issues for the academically talented following summer studies in science and mathematics. Gifted Child Quarterly, 34 (1), 2730.
  • Lythcott, J. (1990, March). Problem solving and requisite knowledge of chemistry. Journal of Chemical Education, 67 (3), 24852.
  • Lythcott, J., & Duschl, R. (1990). Qualitative research: from methods to conclusions. Science Education, 74 (4), 445460.
  • MacDonald, M. A., & Rogan, J. M. (1990, January). Innovation in South African science education (part 2): Factors influencing the introduction of instructional change. Science Education, 74 (1), 11932.
  • MacKinnon, A. M. (1990). Conceptualizing a “Reflective Practicum” in constructivist science teaching (Doctoral dissertation, The University of British Columbia (Canada), 1989). Dissertation Abstracts International, 50 (12), 3913-A.
  • Marek, E. A., Eubanks, C., & Gallaher, T. H. (1990). Teachers' understanding and the use of the learning cycle. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (9), 832834.
  • Martin, B., Kass, H., & Brouwer, W. (1990). Authentic science: A diversity of meanings. Science Education, 74 (5) 541554.
  • Matthews, B. A. (1990). The effects of curriculum/instruction orientation on teacher beliefs and practices regarding student science project development (Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisville, 1989, DA9006665). Dissertation Abstracts International, 50 (10), 3143-A.
  • Mayer, V. J., & Armstrong, R. E. (1990). What every 17-year-old should know about planet Earth: The report of a conference of educators and geoscientists. Science Education, 74 (2), 155165.
  • McCune, D. L. (1990). The effect of integrating Bloom's taxonomy and the scientific method on critical thinking, achievement and attitudes toward science (Doctoral dissertation, Ohio University, 1989, DA9005411). Dissertation Abstracts International, 50 (9), 2854-A.
  • Melear, C. T. (1990). Cognitive processes in the Curry learning style framework as measured by the Learning Style Profile and the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator among non-majors in college biology (Doctoral dissertation, The Ohio State University, 1989, DA9014456). Dissertation Abstracts International., 51 (1), 127-A
  • Miller, R. R. (1990). An evaluation of selection criteria used in identifying gifted elementary school science students (Doctoral dissertation, University of Iowa, 1989, DA9019957). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (4), 1184-A.
  • Mize, A. G. P. (1990). The use of a graphic advance organizer to improve learning and retention in teaching problem-solving related to the mole concept (Doctoral dissertation, University of Southern Mississippi, 1989, DA9020874). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (6), 1976-A.
  • Moore, P. A. (1990). The effect of science inservice programs on the self-efficacy belief of elementary school teachers (Doctoral dissertation, University of San Diego, 1990, DA9023069). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (3), 823-A.
  • Moradmand, H. (1990). The relationship between participation in a voluntary remedial science program and student achievement in biology in a selected southern community college (Doctoral dissertation, The University of Southern Mississippi, 1989, DA8925505). Dissertation Abstracts International, 50 (8), 2445-A.
  • Morell, D. (1990). Gender differences in science attrition: The role of self-efficacy beliefs and department support (Doctoral dissertation, Claremont Graduate School, 1989, DA9000165). Dissertation Abstracts International, 50 (8), 2361-B.
  • Morey, M. K. (1990). Status of science education in Illinois elementary schools, 1987. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (4), 387398.
  • Morris, W. R. (1990). The effects of analog-based instruction on the achievement of secondary chemistry student in solving molarity problems (Doctoral dissertation, University of Georgia, 1990, DA9025930). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (5), 1568-A.
  • Mrazek, R. M. (1990). A methodology for assessing and enhancing the Canadian context in science instruction (Doctoral Dissertation, University of Alberta (Canada), 1989). Dissertation Abstracts International, 50 (7), 2007-A.
  • Mulkey, M., & Ellis, R. S. (1990). Social stratification and science education: A longitudinal analysis, 1981-1986, of minorities' integration into the scientific talent pool. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (3), 205217.
  • Myeong, J. (1990). Predicting and understanding Korean high school students' science track choice: Testing the theory of reasoned action by structural equation modelling (Doctoral dissertation, University of Texas at Austin, 1990, DA9031669). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (6), 1976-A.
  • Naik, K. C. (1990). The assessment of practical work in physical science in secondary schools in South Africa with special reference to Indian education (Doctoral dissertation. University of South Africa (South Africa), 1989). Dissertation Abstracts International, 50 (9) 2710-A.
  • Ndunda, M. M. K. (1990, July). “Because I am a woman”: Young women's resistance to science careers in Kenya. Unpublished master's thesis, school not listed in reference, probably in Ontario.
  • Noble, E. W. (1990). Mathematics and science curriculum implementation in a northern rural elementary school (Doctoral dissertation, University of Southern California, 1990). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (4), 1102-A.
  • Nolen, S. B., & Haladyna, T. M. (1990). Motivation and studying in high school science. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (2), 115126.
  • Novak, J. D. (1990). Concept mapping: A useful tool for science education. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (10), 937949.
  • N'Maoldomhnaigh, M., & Mhaolain, V. N. (1990). The perceived expectation of the administrator as a factor affecting the sex of scientists drawn by early adolescent girls. Research in Science and Technological Education, 8 (1), 6974.
  • Okebukola, P. A. (1990). Attaining meaningful learning of concepts in genetics and ecology: An examination of the potency of the concept-mapping technique. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (5), 493504.
  • Okebukola, P. A., & Jegede, O. J. (1990a). Ecp-cultural influences upon students' concept attainment in science. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (7), 661669.
  • Okebukola, P. A., & Jegede, O. J. (1990b, April). Survey of factors that stress science teachers and an examination of coping strategies. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, Atlanta GA.
  • Otero, J. C., & Campanario, J. M. (1990). Comprehension evaluation and regulation in learning from science texts. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (5), 447460.
  • Pankratius, W. J. (1990). Building an organized knowledge base: Concept mapping and achievement in secondary school physics. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (4), 315333.
  • Pedersen, J. E., & McCurdy, D. W. (1990, April). The effects of hands-on minds-on teaching experiences on attitudes ofpreservice elementary teachers. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, Atlanta GA.
  • Phillips, D. A. (1990). An evaluation of the cognitive and affective changes resulting from implementation of materials developed by teachers working for the Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality (Doctoral dissertation, The University of Southern Mississippi, 1988, DA8925491). Dissertation Abstracts International, 50 (11), 3544-A.
  • Piburn, M. D. (1990). Reasoning about logical propositions and success in science. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (9), 887900.
  • Pickering, M. (1990, March). Further studies on concept learning versus problem solving. Journal of Chemical Education, 67 (3), 25455.
  • Preston, G. L. (1990, April). Students' preferences of types of problems used in science education. Albany, NY: New York State Education Department Bureau of Science Education.
  • Ray, B. D. (1990, April). Students' intentions to engage in science activities: Public, private and home schools. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, Atlanta GA.
  • Reeves, T. J. (1990). Academic preparation of biology chemistry, and physics teachers in South Carolina based on state and NSTA certification standards (Doctoral dissertation, University of South Carolina, 1990, DA9029204). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (5), 1582-A.
  • Renner, J. W., Abraham, M. R., Grzybowski, E. B., & Marek, E. A. (1990). Understandings and misunderstandings of eighth graders of four physics concepts found in textbooks. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (1), 3554.
  • Rhoton, J. (1990, May-June). An investigation of science-technology-society education perceptions of secondary science teachers in Tennessee. School Science and Mathematics, 90 (5), 383395.
  • Rice, D. C. (1990). Cooperative learning in a college laboratory science course for preservice elementary teachers (Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 1990, DA9030392). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (6), 1990-A.
  • Riggs, I. M., & Enochs, L. G. (1990). Toward the development of an elementary teacher's science teaching efficacy belief instrument. Science Education, 74 (6), 625637.
  • Roberts, D. A., & Chastko, A. M. (1990). Absorption, refraction, reflection: An exploration of beginning science teacher thinking. Science Education, 74 (2), 197224.
  • Rosenthal, D. B. (1990, March). What's past is prologue: Lessons from the history of biology education. American Biology Teacher, 52 (3), 15155.
  • Ross, J. A. (1990a). Learning to control variables: Main effects and aptitude treatment interactions of two rule-governed approaches to instruction. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (6), 523539.
  • Ross, J. A. (1990b). Student achievement effects of the key teacher method of delivering in-service. Science Education, 74 (5), 507516.
  • Roth, W. (1990a). Neo-Piagetian predictors of achievement in physical science. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (6), 509521.
  • Roth, W. (1990b, April). Short-term memory and problem solving in physical science. School Science and Mathematics, 90 (4), 271282.
  • Rowland, P., & Stuessy, C. L. (1990, March). The effectiveness of mentor teachers providing basic science process skills inservice workshops. School Science and Mathematics, 90 (3), 223231.
  • Sawrey, B. A. (1990, March). Concept learning versus problem solving: Revisited. Journal of Chemical Education, 67 (3), 25354.
  • Scharf, P. F., & Schibeci, R. A. (1990). The influence of a “transition science” unit on student attitudes. Research in Science and Technological Education, 8 (1), 7988.
  • Scharmann, L. C. (1990, February). Enhancing an understanding of the premises of evolutionary theory: The influence of a diversified instructional strategy. School Science and Mathematics, 90 (2), 91100
  • Schneider, S. A. (1990, October). Enactive and vicarious learning of preservice science teachers (Doctoral dissertation, Stanford University, 1990, DA9017926). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (4), 1203-A.
  • Schofield, C. D. (1990). Biotechnology and baccalaureate biology education: A Delphi study forecasting change through 2003 (Doctoral dissertation, The University of Connecticut, 1989, DA8926500). Dissertation Abstracts International, 50 (8), 2377-A.
  • Sessarego, J. W. (1990). Science and mathematics curriculum implementation in California elementary schools: A case study (Doctoral dissertation, University of Southern California, 1990). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (5), 1470-A.
  • Shankar, G. (1990). Analysis of factors influencing the teaching of evolution and creationism in Texas public high school biology classes (Doctoral dissertation, Texas Tech University, 1989, DA9023326). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (3), 733-A.
  • Shaw, E. L., Jr., & Doan, R. L. (1990, April). An investigation of the differences in attitude and achievement between male and female second and fifth grade science students. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, Atlanta, GA.
  • Shea, J. H. (1990, March). Mathematics in physical-geology textbooks. Journal of Geological Education, 38 (2), 13848.
  • Shemesh, M. (1990). Gender-related differences in reasoning skills and learning interests of junior high school students. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (1), 2734.
  • Shrigley, R. L. (1990). Attitude and behavior are correlates. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (2), 97113.
  • Shugart, S. C. (1990). Subject matter competence and the recruitment and retention of secondary science teachers (Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1989, DA9033032). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (6), 1976-A.
  • Shymansky, J. A., Hedges, L. V., Woodworth, G., & Berg, C. A. (1990). A reassessment of the effects of inquiry-based science curricula of the 60's on student performance. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (2), 127144.
  • Simpson, R. D., & Oliver, J. S. (1990). A summary of major influences on attitude toward and achievement in science among adolescent students. Science Education, 74 (1), 118.
  • Sipe, B. B. (1990). An investigation into the relationships between teaching strategies of high school biology teachers, student Myers-Briggs psychological type, the development of science-related attitudes, and science-related career choices (Doctoral Dissertation, Ball State University, 1988, DA8914099). Dissertation Abstracts International, 50 (7), 2006-A.
  • Sivek, D. J., Hungerford, H. (1990). Predictors of responsible behavior in members of three Wisconsin conservation organizations. Journal of Environmental Education, 21 (2), 3540.
  • Slack, S. J., & Stewart, J. (1990, January). High school students' problem-solving performance on realistic genetics problems. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (1), 5567.
  • Slick, K. J. (1990). A comparative study of two computer-assisted methods of teaching introductory chemistry problem-solving (Doctoral dissertation, Lehigh University, 1990, DA9016634). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (2), 472-A.
  • Smith, K. A., & Welliver, P. W. (1990). The development of a science process assessment for fourth-grade students. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (8), 727738.
  • Smith, R. G. (1990). Thinking and practice in primary science classrooms: A case study (Doctoral dissertation, University of Leeds (United Kingdom), 1988, BRD-88574). Dissertation Abstracts International., 51 (1), 128-A.
  • Songer, N. B. (1990). Promoting integration of instructed and natural world knowledge in thermodynamics (Doctoral dissertation, University of California, Berkeley, 1989, DA9029025). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (5), 1568-A.
  • Starr, M. L., & Krajcik, J. (1990). Concept maps as a heuristic for science curriculum development: Toward improvement in process and product. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (10), 9871000.
  • Staver, J. R., & Small, L. (1990, January). Toward a clearer representation of the crisis in science education. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (1), 7989.
  • Stavy, R. (1990). Children's conception of changes in the state of matter: From liquid (or solid) to gas. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (3), 247266.
  • Stensvold, M. S., & Wilson, J. T. (1990). The interaction of verbal ability with concept mapping in learning from a chemistry laboratory activity. Science Education, 74 (4), 473480.
  • Sudweeks, R. R., & Tolman, R. R. (1990). The use of empirical versus subjective procedures for identifying science test items which function differentially for females and males. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching. Atlanta, GA.
  • Swanson, B. J. (1990). Case study of the implementation of a new science and a new mathematics curriculum in one elementary school in a large urban school district in northern California (Doctoral dissertation, University of Southern California, 1990). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (5), 1471-A.
  • Symington, D., & Spurling, H. (1990). The “draw a scientist” test': Interpreting the data. Research in Science and Technological Education, 8 (1), 7577.
  • Taft, H. L. (1990, March). Content validation studies of the AP chemistry examination. Journal of Chemical Education, 67 (3), 24147.
  • Tamir, P. (1990). Characteristics of senior high school science teachers in Israel as related to their educational goals and their perception of the implemented curriculum. Science Education, 74 (1), 5367.
  • Thirunarayanan, M. O. (1990). Students' conceptions of selected science, technology and society issues: An exploratory multidimensional scaling study (Doctoral dissertation, Arizona State University, 1990, DA9025809). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (4), 1184-A.
  • Tilgner, P. J. (1990). Avoiding science in the elementary school. Science Education, 74 (4), 421431.
  • Tingle, J. B., & Good, R. (1990). Effects of cooperative grouping on stoichiometric problem solving in high school chemistry. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (7), 671683.
  • Tippins, D. J. (1990). The relationship of science self-efficacy and gender to ninth-grade students' intentions to enroll in elective science courses (Doctoral dissertation, Texas A & M University, 1989, DA9007539). Dissertation Abstracts International, 50 (10), 3199-A.
  • Tobin, K., & Fraser, B. J. (1990). What does it mean to be an exemplary science teacher?. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (1), 325.
  • Tobin, K., Briscoe, C., & Holman, J. R. (1990). Overcoming constraints to effective elementary science teaching. Science Education, 74 (4), 409420.
  • Tomasini, N., Gandolfi, E., & Balandi, B. P. (1990, April). Teaching strategies and conceptual change: Sinking and floating at elementary school level. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Boston, MA.
  • Tracy, D. M. (1990). Toy-playing behavior, sex-role orientation, spatial ability, and science achievement. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (7), 637649.
  • Tuan, H., & LaRussa, A. (1990, April). The influence ofpreservice secondary science teachers' beliefs on their planning. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, Atlanta, GA.
  • Twiest, M. G. (1990). The attitudinal and cognitive effects of planetarium integration in teaching selected astronomical concepts to fourth, fifth, and sixth-grade students (Doctoral dissertation, University of Georgia, 1989, DA9019238). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (2), 473-A.
  • Van Dyk, J. J. (1990). Structure and strategy in the teaching of biology (Doctoral Dissertation, University of South Africa (South Africa), 1987). Dissertation Abstracts International, 50 (7), 2006-A.
  • Veldhuis, H. (1990). The use of cluster analysis in categorization of physics problems. Science Education, 74 (1), 105118.
  • Vosniadou, S., & Brewer, W. F. (1990, March). A cross-cultural investigation of children's conceptions about the Earth, the sun and the moon: Greek and American data. Technical Report no. 497, Illinois University at Urbana, Center for the Study of Reading.
  • Walker, L. L. (1990). The relationship of learning style to teaching style in Kentucky public secondary science teachers (Doctoral dissertation, Peabody College for Teachers of Vanderbilt University, 1990, DA9027471). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (5), 1569-A.
  • Wallace, E. K. (1990). A study of the effects of an interactive based remedial reading course on achievement in an introductory college biology course (Doctoral Dissertation, Wayne State University, 1989, DA8922790). Dissertation Abstracts International, 50 (7), 2006-A.
  • Wallace, J. D., & Mintzes, J. J. (1990). The concept map as a research tool: Exploring conceptual change in biology. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (10), 10331052.
  • Wandersee, J. H. (1990). Concept mapping and the cartography of cognition. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (10), 923936.
  • Wareing, C. (1990). A survey of antecedents of attitudes toward science. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (4), 371386.
  • Warren, C. R. (1990, April). An exploration of factors influencing the career preferences of junior high students. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Science Teachers Association, Atlanta, GA.
  • Welborn, T. T. (1990). Gender differences in science education: A case study (Doctoral dissertation, University of South Carolina, 1990, DA9029224). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (5), 1569-A.
  • Westbrook, S. L., Rogers, L. N., & Marek, E. A. (1990, April). An analysis of the relationships of formal reasoning, science process skills, gender, and instructional treatment to conceptual shifts in tenth grade biology students. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, Atlanta GA.
  • Westerback, M. E., & Long, M. J. (1990, May/June). Science knowledge and the reduction of anxiety about teaching earth science in exemplary teachers as measured by the Science Teaching State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. School Science and Mathematics, 90 (5), 361374.
  • Wetherall, H. J. (1990). The context of science classrooms: Relationships among expectations, attitudes, student-teacher interactions and student gender (Doctoral dissertation, George Peabody College for Teachers of Vanderbilt University, 1989, DA9017492). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (2), 473-A.
  • Wheeler, A. E., Hill, D. (1990). Diagram-ease. Why students misinterpret diagrams. Science Teacher, 57 (5), 5863.
  • Willson, V. L. (1990). Methodological limitations for the use of expert systems techniques in science education research. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (1), 6977.
  • Wilson, J. T., & Chalmers-Neubauer, I. (1990). A comparison of teacher roles in three exemplary hands-on elementary science programs. Science Education, 74 (1), 6985.
  • Winter, J. H., & Yasso, W. E. (1990, May). A survey of state-level earth science programs in the United States. Journal of Geological Education, 38 (3), 22933.
  • Yahya, A. S. (1990). A comparative analysis of patterns and determinants of students' attitudes toward science of senior high school students in selected Baghdad city schools as a function of school and nonschool variables (Doctoral dissertation, University of Mississippi, 1989, DA9019286). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (6), 1977-A.
  • Yore, L. D., & Craig. (1990, April). An assessment of what grade 5 students know about science text and science reading. A preliminary report. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, Atlanta GA.
  • Young, D. J., & Fraser, B. J. (1990). Science achievement of girls in single-sex and coeducational schools. Research in Science and Technological Education, 8 (1), 520.
  • Zoller, U. (1990). Students' misunderstandings and misconceptions in college freshman chemistry (general and organic). Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27 (10), 10531065.
  • Zoller, U., & Ben-Chaim, D. (1990). Gender differences in examination-type preferences, test anxiety, and academic achievements in college science education-a case study. Science Education, 74 (6), 597608.
  • Zoller, U., Ebenezer, K. M., Morely, K. Paras, S., Sandberg, V., West, C., & Wolthers, T. (1990). Goal attainment in science-technology-society (S/T/S) education and reality: The case of British Columbia. Science Education, 74 (1), 1936.