How Does Tourism Planning Contribute to Sustainable Development?
Article first published online: 22 AUG 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. and ERP Environment
Volume 20, Issue 6, pages 372–385, November/December 2012
How to Cite
Simão, J. N. and Partidário, M. d. R. (2012), How Does Tourism Planning Contribute to Sustainable Development?. Sust. Dev., 20: 372–385. doi: 10.1002/sd.495
- Issue published online: 26 NOV 2012
- Article first published online: 22 AUG 2010
- Manuscript Accepted: 28 JUN 2010
- Manuscript Revised: 12 JUN 2010
- Manuscript Received: 10 DEC 2009
- sustainable development;
- strategic planning;
Perhaps like few other industries, tourism depends and is built on environmental, physical and cultural local resources. In this sense, and as suggested by the scientific community and international agencies, sustainability should be a driver for tourism sector development. For this purpose, three main issues are relevant: the interpretation of the meaning of sustainability reflected in the vision of the destination for the sector; stakeholders' participation, balancing different approaches; and a strategic planning that calls for long-term view and action. The aim of this study is to assess whether the tourism planning of the destinations contributes to sustainable development. We have reviewed 11 local/regional tourism plans existing in Portugal, and the conclusions point to a vague interpretation of the concept of sustainability, to a type of planning that is closed to public participation with a lack of discussion on the kind of sustainability to implement and to difficulties in committing to strategic planning. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment.