Frank Draper is the mentor for the Systems Thinking Project in the Catalina Foothills School District. He has been a high school and middle school science teacher for 11 years and is curmntly seeking a Ph.D. degree in education at the University of Arizona. He is also a consultant to other school districts, universities, corporations, and community groups.
A proposed sequence for developing systems thinking in a grades 4—12 curriculum
Article first published online: 26 DEC 2006
Copyright © 1993 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
System Dynamics Review
Volume 9, Issue 2, pages 207–214, Summer 1993
How to Cite
Draper, F. (1993), A proposed sequence for developing systems thinking in a grades 4—12 curriculum. Syst. Dyn. Rev., 9: 207–214. doi: 10.1002/sdr.4260090209
- Issue published online: 26 DEC 2006
- Article first published online: 26 DEC 2006
- Manuscript Accepted: SEP 1992
- Manuscript Received: JAN 1992
Barry Richmond described seven systems thinking skills needed to become a successful systems thinker. These skills are woven throughout the grades 4-12 curriculum. The seven systems thinking skills can each be further defined by three distinct levels of competence, with an increase in cognitive capability required at each successive level. A proposed sequence is presented for the skills themselves, and suggestions are given for activities at each level within the skills. Level I activities may begin with ten-year-old students, but level II activities are best mastered by the senior students (about 18 years old). More research is needed to justify the proposed developmental sequence.