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Lost audio packets steganography: the first practical evaluation


Wojciech Mazurczyk, Institute of Telecommunications, Warsaw University of Technology, Nowowiejska 15/19, Warsaw 00-665, Poland.



This paper presents first experimental results for an Internet Protocol (IP) telephony-based steganographic method called lost audio packets steganography (LACK). This method utilises the fact that in typical multimedia communication protocols such as Real-time Transport Protocol, excessively delayed packets are not used for the reconstruction of transmitted data at the receiver; that is, these packets are considered useless and discarded. The results presented in this paper were obtained on the basis of a functional LACK prototype and show the method's impact on the quality of voice transmission. Achievable steganographic bandwidth for the different IP telephony codecs is also calculated. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.