Exceptional experiences and spiritual practice: a new measurement approach
Article first published online: 13 SEP 2006
Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Spirituality and Health International
Volume 7, Issue 3, pages 125–150, September 2006
How to Cite
Kohls, N. and Walach, H. (2006), Exceptional experiences and spiritual practice: a new measurement approach. Spirituality Health, 7: 125–150. doi: 10.1002/shi.296
- Issue published online: 13 SEP 2006
- Article first published online: 13 SEP 2006
- exceptional experiences;
- transpersonal psychology;
A new instrument for the measurement of exceptional experiences, the Exceptional Experiences Questionnaire (EEQ), is introduced, which considers both frequency and individual evaluation of exceptional experiences. A principal component factor analysis extracted four factors (positive spiritual experiences, experiences of deconstruction/ego loss, psychopathological experiences and dream-type experiences), which explain 49% of the variance. The 25-item short form of the instrument shows good psychometric properties (range for Cronbach's alpha: r = 0.67–0.89, range for test–retest reliability after 6 months r = 0.66–0.87). The instrument shows adequate discriminant and convergent validity (Sense of Coherence, Social Support, Mental Distress and Transpersonal Trust) and can discriminate between spiritual practising and non practising individuals. A non-technical summary of the research is provided at the end of this paper. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.