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X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis of the stability of platinized catalytic electrodes in dye-sensitized solar cells

Authors

  • Guiqiang Wang,

    1. Key Laboratory of Photochemistry, Centre for Molecular Science, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China
    2. Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100080, China
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  • Yuan Lin,

    Corresponding author
    1. Key Laboratory of Photochemistry, Centre for Molecular Science, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China
    • Key Laboratory of Photochemistry, Centre for Molecular Science, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China.
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  • XuRui Xiao,

    1. Key Laboratory of Photochemistry, Centre for Molecular Science, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China
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  • XuePing Li,

    1. Key Laboratory of Photochemistry, Centre for Molecular Science, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China
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  • Weibo Wang

    1. Key Laboratory of Photochemistry, Centre for Molecular Science, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China
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Abstract

The stability of platinized catalytic electrodes prepared by thermal decomposition of hexachloroplatinic acid was investigated. The platinum on the electrode did not dissolve in the presence of the electrolyte containing an iodide/triiodide redox couple, even under anodic bias. The electrocatalytic activity of platinized catalytic electrodes sealed in a cell with oxygen-free electrolyte did not decrease within 23 weeks. However, the charge transfer resistance value of platinized catalytic electrodes increased tenfold when the electrodes were heated at 150° for 15 min in air during the sealing process and doubled when the electrodes were reused. The XPS analysis results showed that part of the platinum catalyst on the surface of the electrode was transformed to Pt[II] and Pt[IV] during the thermal sealing process, which led to the decrease of catalytic activity of the platinized catalytic electrodes for the reduction of triiodide. A large amount of inactive iodine absorbed on the surface of the reused electrode, which was confirmed by XPS, also decreased the electrocatalytic activity of the electrodes. The electrocatalytic activity of reused electrodes can be recovered by heating again at 390 °C or removing the platinum oxide and inactive iodine by the electrochemical method. Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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