We investigate a binary partitioning algorithm in the case of a continuous repeated measures outcome. The procedure is based on the use of the likelihood ratio statistic to evaluate the performance of individual splits. The procedure partitions a set of longitudinal data into two mutually exclusive groups based on an optimal split of a continuous prognostic variable. A permutation test is used to assess the level of significance associated with the optimal split, and a bootstrap confidence interval is obtained for the optimal split. Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.