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Keywords:

  • dose response;
  • relative risk;
  • misspecified models;
  • EM algorithm

Abstract

Floating absolute risks are an alternative way of presenting relative risk estimates for polychotomous risk factors. Instead of choosing one level of the risk factor as a reference category, each level is assigned a ‘floated’ variance which describes the uncertainty in risk without reference to another level. In this paper, a method for estimating the floated variances is presented that improves on the previously proposed ‘heuristic’ method. The estimates may be calculated iteratively with a simple algorithm. A benchmark for validating the floated variance estimates is also proposed and an interpretation of floating confidence intervals is given. Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.