The BUGS project: Evolution, critique and future directions
Article first published online: 24 JUL 2009
Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Statistics in Medicine
Volume 28, Issue 25, pages 3049–3067, 10 November 2009
How to Cite
Lunn, D., Spiegelhalter, D., Thomas, A. and Best, N. (2009), The BUGS project: Evolution, critique and future directions. Statist. Med., 28: 3049–3067. doi: 10.1002/sim.3680
- Issue published online: 13 OCT 2009
- Article first published online: 24 JUL 2009
- Manuscript Accepted: 19 JUN 2009
- Manuscript Received: 31 MAR 2009
- Medical Research Council. Grant Number: U.1052.00.005
- Bayesian modelling;
- graphical models
BUGS is a software package for Bayesian inference using Gibbs sampling. The software has been instrumental in raising awareness of Bayesian modelling among both academic and commercial communities internationally, and has enjoyed considerable success over its 20-year life span. Despite this, the software has a number of shortcomings and a principal aim of this paper is to provide a balanced critical appraisal, in particular highlighting how various ideas have led to unprecedented flexibility while at the same time producing negative side effects. We also present a historical overview of the BUGS project and some future perspectives. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.