We employ a general bias preventive approach developed by Firth (Biometrika 1993; 80:27–38) to reduce the bias of an estimator of the log-odds ratio parameter in a matched case–control study by solving a modified score equation. We also propose a method to calculate the standard error of the resultant estimator. A closed-form expression for the estimator of the log-odds ratio parameter is derived in the case of a dichotomous exposure variable. Finite sample properties of the estimator are investigated via a simulation study. Finally, we apply the method to analyze a matched case–control data from a low birthweight study. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.