We consider the analysis of competing risks in a retrospective breast cancer cohort study where tracing of patients is dependent on survival to a pre-specified truncation time. We demonstrate that if ignored, the observed cause-specific hazards will become distorted before the truncation time. Two approaches to account for the tracing bias are considered. First, a likelihood-based method using piecewise constant transition intensities under a Markov assumption. Second, a pseudo-likelihood method using inverse probability of tracing weights. For the breast cancer example, both methods improve the precision of estimates compared with a conventional approach based on excluding patients. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.