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Mixture cure model with random effects for clustered interval-censored survival data

Authors

  • Liming Xiang,

    Corresponding author
    1. Division of Mathematical Sciences, School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 637371, Singapore
    • Division of Mathematical Sciences, School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 637371, Singapore
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  • Xiangmei Ma,

    1. Division of Mathematical Sciences, School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 637371, Singapore
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  • Kelvin K. W. Yau

    1. Department of Management Sciences, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong
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  • Supporting information may be found in the online version of this article.

Abstract

The mixture cure model is an effective tool for analysis of survival data with a cure fraction. This approach integrates the logistic regression model for the proportion of cured subjects and the survival model (either the Cox proportional hazards or accelerated failure time model) for uncured subjects. Methods based on the mixture cure model have been extensively investigated in the literature for data with exact failure/censoring times. In this paper, we propose a mixture cure modeling procedure for analyzing clustered and interval-censored survival time data by incorporating random effects in both the logistic regression and PH regression components. Under the generalized linear mixed model framework, we develop the REML estimation for the parameters, as well as an iterative algorithm for estimation of the survival function for interval-censored data. The estimation procedure is implemented via an EM algorithm. A simulation study is conducted to evaluate the performance of the proposed method in various practical situations. To demonstrate its usefulness, we apply the proposed method to analyze the interval-censored relapse time data from a smoking cessation study whose subjects were recruited from 51 zip code regions in the southeastern corner of Minnesota. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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