A multiple decision procedure in clinical trials



In some multiple treatment arm clinical trials there is an order of preference for the treatments based on secondary considerations like toxicity or cost. In this paper, we consider the case where two or more treatments could have equal prior preference. This formulation includes the problem of comparing several equally preferred experimental treatments to one control, or the comparison of a combination with its components. Our decision procedures will guarantee a high selection probability for the correct treatment(s) when that selection is appropriate. We establish sample size requirements for our decision procedures which can be applied to clinical trials with normal, binomial, or right censored exponential endpoints.