A comparison of three approaches to estimate exposure-specific incidence rates from population-based case-control data
Article first published online: 15 OCT 2006
Copyright © 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Statistics in Medicine
Volume 13, Issue 5-7, pages 651–661, 15 March - 15 April 1994
How to Cite
Benichou, J. and Wacholder, S. (1994), A comparison of three approaches to estimate exposure-specific incidence rates from population-based case-control data. Statist. Med., 13: 651–661. doi: 10.1002/sim.4780130526
- Issue published online: 15 OCT 2006
- Article first published online: 15 OCT 2006
In population-based case-control studies, an attempt is made to identify all incident cases diagnosed in a specified population during a fixed time interval. Assuming that this goal is met allows one to obtain measures of risk other than relative risks. In this paper, we describe three approaches to estimate exposure-specific incidence rates. Approach 1 relies on estimating crude incidence rates of the disease in strata defined, for instance, by age and geographic area, and combining them with relative risk estimates from the case-control data. In approaches 2 and 3, baseline incidence rates and relative risks are estimated jointly. Approach 2 is based on a pseudo-likelihood, while, in approach 3, the problem is regarded as a missing data problem and a full likelihood is maximized. We applied these three approaches to a study of bladder cancer. Our three sets of estimates of exposure-specific incidence rates were in close agreement, while there appeared to be greater precision with approaches 2 and 3.