In the city of Casale Monferrato, the largest Italian factory that produced asbestos-cement goods was active from 1907 to 1985. Consequently, asbestos fibers scattered in the surrounding area and caused an enormous number of cases of pleural mesothelioma. Owing to the very long latency of this disease, many subjects have not exhibited its symptoms yet. The aim of this paper is to model and predict the future evolution of the number of deaths due to this disease among residents in the area around that city. The model used here is based on a cellular automata that is assumed to pass through three steps: exposure, contamination, and diagnosis. In this way, forecasts of the future evolution take into account the environmental conditions that changed over the last century because of different levels of plant activity. The model is fitted to annual diagnosis data from 1954 to 2008. Results show that deaths will not end until 2031 and that in the next two decades, at least 505 more subjects will be diagnosed with this disease. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.