This study examined the relationship of job stress, Type-A behavior and its two components (time pressure and hard driving/competitiveness) with burnout, health problems, job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover motivation among employees in Canada (N = 535) and mainland China (N = 685). Data were collected by means of a structured questionnaire from Canadian employees in Montreal and Chinese employees in Beijing. Pearson correlation and moderated multiple regression were used to analyze the data. Job stress, global Type-A and its two components were significantly related to a number of dependant variables in both countries. Some support for differential effects of Type-A behavior components was found primarily in the Canadian sample. Implications of findings are discussed for cross-cultural research. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.