Work based support, emotional exhaustion, and spillover of work stress to the family environment: A study of policewomen
Version of Record online: 17 MAY 2005
Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Stress and Health
Volume 21, Issue 3, pages 199–207, August 2005
How to Cite
Thompson, B. M., Kirk, A. and Brown, D. F. (2005), Work based support, emotional exhaustion, and spillover of work stress to the family environment: A study of policewomen. Stress and Health, 21: 199–207. doi: 10.1002/smi.1056
- Issue online: 28 JUL 2005
- Version of Record online: 17 MAY 2005
- Manuscript Revised: 7 MAR 2005
- Manuscript Accepted: 7 MAR 2005
- Manuscript Received: 29 DEC 2004
- social support;
- police stress
This study aimed to test a path model in which work stress affects policewomen's functioning in their family environment through a component of burnout, emotional exhaustion. Work role stressors assessed were role ambiguity and role overload. Work based support from supervisors, but not colleagues, was predicted to reduce role stressors and emotional exhaustion, and improve perceptions of family functioning (cohesion and conflict). Data was collected via a mail out survey to all (1081) policewomen in an Australian state police service. Useable surveys were returned by 421 policewomen. Path analysis using LISREL 8.5 indicated a good fit to the model. Supervisor, but not coworker support reduced role stressors, which had a significant path to family cohesion and conflict, through emotional exhaustion. The findings suggest that a fruitful avenue of exploration of stress transmission to the family would be an examination of behaviours linked to emotional exhaustion. Additionally, interventions designed to reduce stress in policewomen should include supervisor training in social support. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.