Relation between stress and other life style factors
Article first published online: 28 NOV 2006
Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Stress and Health
Volume 23, Issue 1, pages 23–29, February 2007
How to Cite
Roohafza, H., Sadeghi, M., Sarraf-Zadegan, N., Baghaei, A., Kelishadi, R., Mahvash, M., Sajjadi, F., Toghianifar, N. and Talaei, M. (2007), Relation between stress and other life style factors. Stress and Health, 23: 23–29. doi: 10.1002/smi.1113
- Issue published online: 26 JAN 2007
- Article first published online: 28 NOV 2006
- Manuscript Accepted: 17 JUN 2006
- Iranian Budget and Programming Organization, Deputy for Research of the Ministry of Health and Medical Education. Grant Number: 31309304
Objective: To describe and evaluate the relationship between stress and other lifestyle behaviors.
Methods: A cross-sectional study within the context of an Isfahan Healthy Heart Program (IHHP). Demographic details (age, gender, marital status and educational level) and lifestyle variables including diet (fruit and vegetable consumption), smoking status, daily physical activity and psychological distress were recorded. Data were analyzed by t-test, χ2 and logistic regression.
Setting: Central Iranian country of Isfahan, Najaf-Abad and Arak.
Participants: Five thousand and eight hundred and ninety-two adults over 19 years of age.
Results: Mean age of all participants was 40.5 (15.4) years and 36 per cent of them had high stress levels. High stress levels were negatively associated with fruit and vegetable consumption, non-smoking and marriage. Conversely, the female gender and less than 6 years of education were positively associated with stress levels. Physical activity was not found to be associated with stress.
Conclusion: This study demonstrated an association between high stress levels and other unhealthy lifestyle factors. Hence, special attention must be paid to intervention programs aimed at modifying lifestyle and providing education on stress management techniques. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.