Longitudinal analysis of the relation between moderate long-term stress and health
Article first published online: 30 JAN 2007
Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Stress and Health
Volume 23, Issue 2, pages 131–138, April 2007
How to Cite
Öhman, L., Bergdahl, J., Nyberg, L. and Nilsson, L.-G. (2007), Longitudinal analysis of the relation between moderate long-term stress and health. Stress and Health, 23: 131–138. doi: 10.1002/smi.1130
- Issue published online: 9 MAR 2007
- Article first published online: 30 JAN 2007
- Manuscript Accepted: 8 OCT 2006
- Manuscript Received: 7 MAR 2006
- Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation. Grant Number: 1988-0082:17
- Swedish Council for Planning and Coordination of Research. Grant Number: D1988-0092, D1989-0115, D1990-0074, D1991-0258, D1992-0143, D1997-0756, D1997-1841, D1999-0739, B1999-474
- Swedish Council for Research in the Humanities and Social Sciences. Grant Number: F377/1988-2000
- Swedish Council for Social Research.. Grant Number: 1988-1990: 88-0082 and 311/1991-2000.
The main goal of the present work was to longitudinally examine consequences of long-term moderately elevated levels of stress for various health outcomes. To address this issue, data covering 10 years was used from the ongoing Swedish population-based prospective Betula Study. Based on the ratings on a validated self-reported stress scale, matched subsamples between 40 and 65 years of age were divided into a high (n = 137) and low (n = 211) stress group. The reported incidence of cardiovascular, diabetes, psychiatric, tumour and musculoskeletal diseases was assessed 5 and 10 years after baseline (baseline = 1993–1995) without contaminating effects of past health history. The incidence of diseases 5 years after baseline assessment showed no differences between the groups. After 10 years, there was a significantly higher incidence of psychiatric diseases, mainly depression in the high-stress group as well as a significant effect for tumours, although the number of cases was low. Although moderately elevated stress level may have a possible impact on psychiatric diseases especially depression and some tumours, it seems that prolonged moderate stress does not appear to be harmful to other stress-related diseases. Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.