The Effects of Conscientiousness on the Appraisals of Daily Stressors
Article first published online: 17 MAY 2011
Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Stress and Health
Volume 28, Issue 1, pages 80–86, February 2012
How to Cite
Gartland, N., O'Connor, D. B. and Lawton, R. (2012), The Effects of Conscientiousness on the Appraisals of Daily Stressors. Stress and Health, 28: 80–86. doi: 10.1002/smi.1404
- Issue published online: 19 JAN 2012
- Article first published online: 17 MAY 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 29 MAR 2011
- Manuscript Revised: 29 MAR 2011
- Manuscript Received: 29 SEP 2010
- cognitive appraisal;
- daily hassles;
Conscientiousness (C) is positively associated with health and longevity although the mechanisms underlying this relationship are not fully understood. Stress may play a role in explaining the C–longevity relationship. This study investigated whether C predicted the cognitive appraisals of daily stressors/hassles. Participants (N = 102) completed measures of C and cognitive appraisal in relation to the most stressful hassle they had experienced in the last 7 days. Correlational analysis revealed that Total C, Order and Industriousness were positively correlated with primary appraisals, and Responsibility was positively correlated with secondary appraisals. The facets of C were then entered into hierarchical regression models, controlling for age and gender. This demonstrated that Order (β = 0.27, p < 0.05) and Industriousness (β = 0.28, p < 0.05) significantly predicted primary appraisals, accounting for 15.8% of the variance. Responsibility significantly predicted secondary appraisals (β = 0.44, p < 0.01), accounting for 16.3% of the variance. These findings indicate that higher Order and Industriousness are related to having a greater stake in daily stressors, whereas higher Responsibility is related to greater confidence in one's ability to deal with daily stressors. These results are the first demonstration that C is related to the appraisals of daily hassles and suggest that C may moderate the experience of stress in daily life. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.