Effects of Chewing Gum on Stress and Health: A Replication and Investigation of Dose–Response
Article first published online: 11 APR 2012
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Stress and Health
Volume 29, Issue 2, pages 172–174, April 2013
How to Cite
Smith, A. (2013), Effects of Chewing Gum on Stress and Health: A Replication and Investigation of Dose–Response. Stress and Health, 29: 172–174. doi: 10.1002/smi.2430
- Issue published online: 1 APR 2013
- Article first published online: 11 APR 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 20 MAR 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 15 MAR 2012
- Manuscript Received: 14 JUN 2011
- chewing gum;
- blood pressure;
Research suggests that chewing gum may be associated with reduced stress, depression and a reduced likelihood of having high cholesterol and blood pressure. The present study aimed to replicate these findings and extend them by examining dose–response. A web-based survey was completed by a sample of 388 workers from public sector organisations (68.5% female; mean age: 42 years, range 17–64 years). The results showed that chewing gum was associated in a linear dose–response manner with lower levels of perceived stress (both at work and life in general), anxiety and depression. Occasional gum chewers also reported a reduced risk of high cholesterol and blood pressure. Intervention studies are now required to extend these findings, and the mechanisms underlying the effects reported here need further investigation. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.