Love and hate: Their many guises and stressful effects


  • Donald R. Morse BS, DDS, MA (Biol), MA (Psychol), PhD (Nutr), FACD

    Corresponding author
    1. Temple University School of Dentistry, 3223 N Broad Street, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA
    • 1017 Cardinal Lane, Cherry Hill, NJ 08003-2943, USA
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A discussion of the terms ‘love’ and ‘hate’ is given. This is followed by tabular summaries of the contrasting word associations of love and hate. Then a review is given of the scientific studies and hypotheses relative to the different stressful, psychological, physiological, pathological and sociological outcomes from the practice of love, hate and associated emotions.