Job Characteristics, Recovery Experiences and Occupational Well-being: Testing Cross-lagged Relationships across 1 Year
Article first published online: 21 JAN 2013
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Stress and Health
Volume 29, Issue 5, pages 369–382, December 2013
How to Cite
Kinnunen, U. and Feldt, T. (2013), Job Characteristics, Recovery Experiences and Occupational Well-being: Testing Cross-lagged Relationships across 1 Year. Stress and Health, 29: 369–382. doi: 10.1002/smi.2483
- Issue published online: 4 DEC 2013
- Article first published online: 21 JAN 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 20 DEC 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 13 DEC 2012
- Manuscript Received: 10 AUG 2012
- job stress;
- psychological well-being;
The aim of the present study conducted among 274 Finnish employees was to examine the relationships between job characteristics, recovery experiences and occupational well-being across 1 year. We hypothesized that these relationships would follow normal causation, that is, job characteristics at T1 predict recovery experiences (detachment, relaxation, mastery and control at off-job time) and well-being (fatigue at work and work engagement) at T2, and recovery experiences at T1 predict well-being at T2. The structural equation modelling analyses lent support to the hypothesized normal causation model compared with the reversed causation and reciprocal models. However, only the longitudinal relationships between job characteristics and recovery experiences were significant. More specifically, high job demands at T1 predicted poor detachment, relaxation and control during off-job time at T2; and high job resources at T1 predicted high mastery experiences in off-job time at T2. Thus, our study showed that job demands in particular inhibited recovery experiences in the long term, but this was not reflected in employee well-being across 1 year. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.