Ambidexterity and performance in multiunit contexts: Cross-level moderating effects of structural and resource attributes
Article first published online: 21 MAR 2012
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Strategic Management Journal
Volume 33, Issue 11, pages 1286–1303, November 2012
How to Cite
Jansen, J. J.P., Simsek, Z. and Cao, Q. (2012), Ambidexterity and performance in multiunit contexts: Cross-level moderating effects of structural and resource attributes. Strat. Mgmt. J., 33: 1286–1303. doi: 10.1002/smj.1977
- Issue published online: 11 SEP 2012
- Article first published online: 21 MAR 2012
- Accepted manuscript online: 12 MAR 2012 09:09AM EST
- Manuscript Revised: 9 MAR 2012
- Manuscript Received: 9 APR 2010
- unit performance;
- structural attributes;
- resource attributes
Research suggests that unit-level ambidexterity positively impacts subsequent unit performance but theory and testing on this impact remain impoverished. We develop a cross-level model suggesting that structural and resource attributes of the organizational context significantly shape the relationship between unit ambidexterity and performance. Using multisource and lagged data from 285 organizational units located within 88 autonomous branches, results from hierarchical linear modeling show that this relationship is boosted when the organization is decentralized, more resource munificent, or less resource interdependent. We also find that structural differentiation of the organization does not condition the unit ambidexterity-performance relationship. Through this cross-level theory and testing, we develop a richer explanation of the effectiveness of ambidextrous units operating in multiunit contexts. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.