Stakeholder influences on sustainability practices in the Canadian forest products industry
Article first published online: 3 DEC 2004
Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Strategic Management Journal
Volume 26, Issue 2, pages 159–180, February 2005
How to Cite
Sharma, S. and Henriques, I. (2005), Stakeholder influences on sustainability practices in the Canadian forest products industry. Strat. Mgmt. J., 26: 159–180. doi: 10.1002/smj.439
- Issue published online: 17 DEC 2004
- Article first published online: 3 DEC 2004
- Manuscript Revised: 16 MAR 2004
- Manuscript Received: 2 DEC 2002
- stakeholder influence;
- environmental strategy;
- sustainability practices;
- forestry industry
We examined how managers' perceptions of different types of stakeholder influences in the Canadian forestry industry affect the types of sustainability practices that their firms adopt. Both influences involving withholding of resources by social and ecological stakeholders and those involving directed usage of resources from economic stakeholders were found to drive such practices. We found that the industry and its stakeholders have moved beyond a focus on early stages of sustainability performance such as pollution control and eco-efficiency. However, more advanced practices, such as those involving the redefinition of business and industrial ecosystems where firms locate in a region so that they can exchange and utilize wastes generated by other firms, are in their infancy. Stakeholders and firms in the industry are focused on the intermediate sustainability phases involving recirculation of materials and redesign of processes including sustainable harvesting of lumber. Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.