Today's state-owned enterprises of China: are they dying dinosaurs or dynamic dynamos?
Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006
Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Strategic Management Journal
Volume 27, Issue 9, pages 825–843, September 2006
How to Cite
Ralston, D. A., Terpstra-Tong, J., Terpstra, R. H., Wang, X. and Egri, C. (2006), Today's state-owned enterprises of China: are they dying dinosaurs or dynamic dynamos?. Strat. Mgmt. J., 27: 825–843. doi: 10.1002/smj.545
- Issue online: 26 JUL 2006
- Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006
- Manuscript Revised: 27 JAN 2006
- Manuscript Received: 7 OCT 2004
- University of Macao
- organizational culture;
- ownership type;
- state-owned enterprise;
- privately owned enterprise;
- foreign-controlled business
This paper raises the question and provides empirical evidence regarding the status of the evolution of the state-owned enterprises (SOEs) in China today. In this study, we compare the SOEs to domestic private-owned enterprises (POEs) and foreign-controlled businesses (FCBs) in the context of their organizational cultures. While a new ownership form, many of the POEs evolved from former collectives that reflect the traditional values of Chinese business. Conversely, the FCBs are much more indicative of the large global MNCs. Therefore, we look at the SOEs in the context of these two reference points. We conclude that the SOEs of today have substantially transformed to approximate a configuration desired by the Chinese government when it began the SOE transformation a couple of decades ago to make them globally competitive. The SOEs of today appear to be appropriately described as China's economic dynamic dynamo for the future. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.