The Flow Focusing platform is especially advantageous for micro- and nanoparticle production. This versatile technique is amenable to designing the size, surface treatment and internal topology of the particles; mechanical stresses are minimal—an optimal feature for the manipulation of delicate substances. Multiplexing and high-rate production are readily implemented. Adaptive operational design can lead, in one single step, to finely tuned microcapsules encasing different products within a targeted morphology. This achievement is of great significance for most microcapsule applications in the biosciences (for example, drug delivery, cell encapsulation, and the production of bead arrays).