Rapid Deposition and Long-Range Alignment of Nanocoatings and Arrays of Electrically Conductive Wires from Tobacco Mosaic Virus


  • This study was financially supported by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research and DARPA. We gratefully acknowledge the support of the Materials and Manufacturing Directorate in the form of a summer internship (D.M.K.). We thank Dr. Matthew Francis for providing tobacco mosaic virus and Laura A. Sowards for assistance with atomic force microscopy imaging, as well as Dr. David M. Phillips and Dr. Joe M. Slocik for useful discussions.


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Dragged into shape: Suspensions of rod-shaped tobacco mosaic virus self-assemble under shear. When combined with dewetting on a hydrophobic surface, contiguous and parallel arrays of virus fibers are deposited over macroscopic length scales (see schematic). The virus-protein-coat functionality can be used for the directed bioconjugation of metallic particles to make anisotropically conductive virus wires.