Novel copolymer nanoparticles with inherent self-stability, narrow size distribution, and high electrical conductivity are facilely and productively synthesized by the oxidative precipitation polymerization of 5-sulfonic-2-anisidine and aniline in acidic medium without any external stabilizer. The structures of the copolymer particles are systematically characterized by IR and UV/Vis spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, laser particle-size analysis, atomic force microscopy, field-emission scanning electron microscopy, and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. The comonomer ratio, oxidant/monomer ratio, and polymerization temperature and medium can be used to optimize the size and conductivity of the nanoparticles. It is found that the nanoparticles exhibit a minimal size and polydispersity index of around 53 nm and 1.045, respectively. Nanocomposite films of the nanoparticles with diacetyl and ethyl celluloses show good thermostability and a low percolation threshold of 0.08 wt%, at which the films retain 89% of the transparency, 96–98% of the strength, and 108 times the conductivity of the matrix film. The synthesis of sulfoanisidine copolymer nanoparticles is thus achieved without the use of external stabilizer, which opens up a simple and general route to the fabrication of nanostructured polymer materials with controllable size, narrow size distribution, intrinsic self-stability, strong dispersibility, high purity, and optimizable electroconductivity.
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