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A Systematic Nomenclature for Codifying Engineered Nanostructures

Authors

  • Darcy J. Gentleman,

    1. Institute of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering Terrence Donnelly Centre for Cellular & Biomolecular Research Department of Materials Science & Engineering Department of Chemical Engineering University of Toronto Toronto, ON (Canada)
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  • Warren C. W. Chan

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering Terrence Donnelly Centre for Cellular & Biomolecular Research Department of Materials Science & Engineering Department of Chemical Engineering University of Toronto Toronto, ON (Canada)
    • Institute of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering Terrence Donnelly Centre for Cellular & Biomolecular Research Department of Materials Science & Engineering Department of Chemical Engineering University of Toronto Toronto, ON (Canada).
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Abstract

Nanotechnology's growing applications are fueled by the synthesis and engineering of a myriad nanostructures, yet there is no systematic naming or classification scheme for such materials. This lack of a coherent nomenclature is confusing the interpretation of data sets and threatens to hamper the pace of progress and risk assessment. A systematic nomenclature that encodes the overall composition, size, shape, core and ligand chemistry, and solubility of nanostructures is presented. A typographic string of minimalist field codes facilitates digital archiving and searches for desired properties. This nomenclature system could also be used for nanomaterial hazard labeling.

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