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Uptake, Translocation, and Transmission of Carbon Nanomaterials in Rice Plants

Authors

  • Sijie Lin,

    1. Department of Physics and Astronomy Center for Optical Materials Science and Engineering Technologies Clemson University Clemson, SC 29634 (USA)
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  • Jason Reppert,

    1. Department of Physics and Astronomy Center for Optical Materials Science and Engineering Technologies Clemson University Clemson, SC 29634 (USA)
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  • Qian Hu,

    1. Department of Genetics and Biochemistry Clemson University Clemson, SC 29634 (USA)
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  • JoAn S. Hudson,

    1. Electron Microscopy Facility Clemson University Clemson, SC 29634 (USA)
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  • Michelle L. Reid,

    1. Department of Physics and Astronomy Center for Optical Materials Science and Engineering Technologies Clemson University Clemson, SC 29634 (USA)
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  • Tatsiana A. Ratnikova,

    1. Department of Physics and Astronomy Center for Optical Materials Science and Engineering Technologies Clemson University Clemson, SC 29634 (USA)
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  • Apparao M. Rao,

    1. Department of Physics and Astronomy Center for Optical Materials Science and Engineering Technologies Clemson University Clemson, SC 29634 (USA)
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  • Hong Luo,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Genetics and Biochemistry Clemson University Clemson, SC 29634 (USA)
    • Department of Genetics and Biochemistry Clemson University Clemson, SC 29634 (USA).
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  • Pu Chun Ke

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Physics and Astronomy Center for Optical Materials Science and Engineering Technologies Clemson University Clemson, SC 29634 (USA)
    • Department of Physics and Astronomy Center for Optical Materials Science and Engineering Technologies Clemson University Clemson, SC 29634 (USA).
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  • Ke acknowledges an NSF Career award #CBET-0744040 and NSF grant #CBET-0736037. Luo acknowledges USDA grants BRAG 2007-33522-18489 and CSREES SC-1700315. The authors thank Xiaoqian Sun, Bevan Elliott, and Malcolm Skove for discussions and Godfrey Kimball for critical reading of our manuscript. This is Technical Contribution No. 5515 of the Clemson University Experiment Station.

Abstract

original image

A transmission electron microscopy (TEM) image shows the significant uptake of C70 particles by a plant leaf cell. The C70 particles appear as numerous small aggregates in the vacuole and the cell walls of the leaf cell are shown as dark layered structures in the image. Scale of image: 5 × 6 µm.

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