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Nanoscale Engineering and Optical Addressing of Single Spins in Diamond



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The artificial creation of shallow nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centres in diamond with 25 nm lateral resolution is performed by collimated implantation of low-energy nitrogen ions. The electron spin associated to this defect is the most promising qubit for a scalable quantum computer working at room temperature. Individual optical addressing of two single centres separated by only 16 nm is demonstrated with stimulated emission depletion (STED) microscopy.