Compartmentalized particles enable co-presentation of dissimilar sets of properties, thereby offering a broad design space for multifunctional particles. Electrohydrodynamic co-jetting is a simple, yet versatile fabrication technique that can be used to prepare such multicompartmental particles and fibers. Processing conditions are summarized for co-jetting of aqueous and organic polymer solutions as well as nanoparticle suspensions. Because particles can comprise distinct polymers in different compartments, selective surface modification becomes possible. The latter can result in unidirectional interactions with cells or may pave new routes towards targeted drug delivery.