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Keywords:

  • biosensors;
  • blood analysis;
  • lab-on-a-chip devices;
  • molecular recognition;
  • transistors

Abstract

Rapid and accurate molecular blood analysis is essential for disease diagnosis and management. Field-effect transistor (FET) biosensors are a type of device that promise to advance blood point-of-care testing by offering desirable characteristics such as portability, high sensitivity, brief detection time, low manufacturing cost, multiplexing, and label-free detection. By controlling device parameters, desired FET biosensor performance is obtained. This review focuses on the effects of sensing environment, micro-/nanoscale device structure, operation mode, and surface functionalization on device performance and long-term stability.