Utilization of the material-specific peptide–substrate interactions of M13 virus broadens colloidal stability window of graphene. The homogeneous distribution of graphene is maintained in weak acids and increased ionic strengths by complexing with virus. This graphene/virus conducting template is utilized in the synthesis of energy-storage materials to increase the conductivity of the composite electrode. Successful formation of the hybrid biological template is demonstrated by the mineralization of bismuth oxyfluoride as a cathode material for lithium-ion batteries, with increased loading and improved electronic conductivity.
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