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Keywords:

  • patchy particles;
  • self-assembly;
  • multifunctional particles;
  • polymer–lipid;
  • core–shell
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

Spontaneous formation of heterogeneous patches on the surface of lipid-based nanoparticles (NPs) and microparticles (MPs) due to the segregation of two different functional groups. Patch formation is observed when tracing the functional groups with quantum dots, gold nanoparticles, and fluorescent dyes. This discovery could have important implications for the future design of self-assembled NPs and MPs for different biomedical applications.