Robust Synthesis of Gold Cubic Nanoframes through a Combination of Galvanic Replacement, Gold Deposition, and Silver Dealloying

Authors

  • Dehui Wan,

    1. The Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, USA
    Current affiliation:
    1. Institute of Biomedical Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan
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  • Xiaohu Xia,

    1. The Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, USA
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  • Yucai Wang,

    1. The Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, USA
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  • Younan Xia

    Corresponding author
    1. The Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, USA
    2. School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, USA
    3. School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, USA
    • The Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, USA.
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Abstract

A facile, robust approach to the synthesis of Au cubic nanoframes is described. The synthesis involves three major steps: 1) preparation of Au–Ag alloyed nanocages using a galvanic replacement reaction between Ag nanocubes and HAuCl4; 2) deposition of thin layers of pure Au onto the surfaces of the nanocages by reducing HAuCl4 with ascorbic acid, and; 3) formation of Au cubic nanoframes through a dealloying process with HAuCl4. The key to the formation of Au cubic nanoframes is to coat the surfaces of the Au–Ag nanocages with sufficiently thick layers of Au before they are dealloyed. The Au layer could prevent the skeleton of a nanocage from being fragmented during the dealloying step. The as-prepared Au cubic nanoframes exhibit tunable localized surface plasmon resonance peaks in the near-infrared region, but with much lower Ag content as compared with the initial Au–Ag nanocages.

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