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Formation of Heteroepitaxy in Different Shapes of Au–CdSe Metal–Semiconductor Hybrid Nanostructures

Authors

  • Krishna Kanta Haldar,

    1. Department of Materials Science, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata, India 700032
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  • Narayan Pradhan,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Materials Science, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata, India 700032
    • Department of Materials Science, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata, India 700032.

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  • Amitava Patra

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Materials Science, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata, India 700032
    • Department of Materials Science, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata, India 700032.

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Abstract

Formation of heteroepitaxy and designing different-shaped heterostructured nanomaterials of metal and semiconductor in solution remains a frontier area of research. However, it is evident that the synthesis of such materials is not straightforward and needs a selective approach to retain both metal and semiconductor identities in the reaction system during heterostructure formation. Herein, the epitaxial growth of semiconductor CdSe on selected facets of metal Au seeds is reported and different shapes (flower, tetrapod, and core/shell) hetero-nanostructures are designed. These results are achieved by controlling the reaction parameters, and by changing the sequence and timing for introduction of different reactant precursors. Direct evidence of the formation of heteroepitaxy between {111} facets of Au and (0001) of wurtzite CdSe is observed during the formation of these three heterostructures. The mechanism of the evolution of these hetero-nanostructures and formation of their heteroepitaxy with the planes having minimum lattice mismatch are also discussed. This shape-control growth mechanism in hetero-nanostructures should be helpful to provide more information for establishing the fundamental study of heteroepitaxial growth for designing new nanomaterials. Such metal–semiconductor nanostructures may have great potential for nonlinear optical properties, in photovoltaic devices, and as chemical sensors.

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