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TiO2 Single Crystal with Four-Truncated-Bipyramid Morphology as an Efficient Photocatalyst for Hydrogen Production

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Abstract

Diverse titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanostructures have attracted much attention recently due to their potential application in photocatalytic and photovoltaic fields. Here, the synthesis of a TiO2 single crystal with a novel four-truncated-bipyramid morphology is reported for the first time, produced by a simple hydrothermal method. Both peroxo titanic acid precursor and hydrofluoric acid capping agent are essential for the formation of this unique morphology. Moreover, the as-prepared TiO2 photocatalyst exhibits excellent hydrogen production activity from an ethanol–water solution, which is attributed to exposure of both high-energy {001} oxidative and low-energy {101} reductive facets in an optimal ratio. The current findings will contribute greatly to development of more novel photocatalysts with controllable microscopic structures for hydrogen production.

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