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A Confluence of Third-Phase Science and Dialogic Design Science


Correspondence to: Kenneth C. Bausch, Institute for 21st Century Agoras, Cincinnati, OH 45247, USA.



Gerard de Zeeuw introduced the term ‘Third Phase Science’ in 1997. A deliberative method that is called dialogic design science (see illustrates an effective way of implementing third-phase science as a means of understanding and adapting complex social situations. This paper explains De Zeeuw's concept in non-specialist language and expands on the historical context of third-phase science as a means of addressing contemporary needs. It shows how dialogic design science completes third-phase science as an axiomatic science and makes third-phase science into a valuable design methodology. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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