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Experimental Methodology for Obtaining the Flow Curve of Sheet Materials in a Wide Range of Strains

Authors

  • Xincun Zhuang,

    1. Institute of Forming Technology and Equipment, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200030, China
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  • Zhen Zhao,

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute of Forming Technology and Equipment, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200030, China
    • Institute of Forming Technology and Equipment, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200030, China
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  • Hongye Li,

    1. Institute of Forming Technology and Equipment, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200030, China
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  • Hua Xiang

    1. Institute of Forming Technology and Equipment, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200030, China
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Abstract

An experimental approach for determining the stress–strain curve over a large range of strains through tensile test is introduced. The novel aspect of the proposed approach is to apply different degrees of cold working on the sheet metal specimens before tensile test. By adding the pre-strain derived from cold working to the strain from tensile test, the corresponding stress–strain curves can be shifted to large strains. Since the variation trend of these curves is in high coincidence with the results from compression test, it is convinced that the stress–strain curve of tensile test over a large range of strains can be experimentally extrapolated based on such an approach, especially aiming at medium-thick sheet metal. Based on the tensile test results, five different extrapolation models were evaluated with respect to different sampling dataset. It was revealed that the true stress–plastic strain curve over a given strain range could be approximated well by the extrapolation models of Ludwik, Ghosh, and Hocket-Sherby based on sampling data points of standard tensile test combined with a prescribed data point from tensile test after cold working.

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