Improving High-Temperature Wear Resistance of Fe–Cr13–C Hardfacing Alloy by Nitrogen Alloying



Nitrogen alloying of Fe–Cr13–C hardfacing alloy produces marked precipitation strengthening to achieve an improvement in high-temperature wear resistance. Two hardfacing alloys of Fe–Cr13–C (with and without nitrogen) are slid on carbon steel at high-temperature of 600°C and high load of 600 N, and wear behaviors are studied systematically. It is found that abrasive wear occurrs on the surface of the hardfacing alloy due to abrasive action of crushed oxide particles coming from the surface of carbon steel on the high temperature. The wear resistance is determined by the size and distribution of precipitates. The results show that the hardfacing alloy can obtain a great increase in hardness and a marked decrease in wear depth of grooving due to the effect of carbonitirde precipitates. The high-temperature wear resistance of the Fe–Cr13–C hardfacing alloy is improved by nitrogen alloying, and the wear mechanism is mainly plastic deformation with minimum depth of grooving caused by the oxide particles.