• TWIP steel;
  • compression deformation;
  • high strain rate;
  • Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar;
  • synchrotron radiation;
  • texture

High manganese austenitic TWIP steels are of great potential in the field of transportation-related industries owing to their exceptional combination of strength and ductility. A series of compression experiments were conducted on a Fe–18Mn–0.6C–1.5Al alloy at various strain rates (from 1.0 × 10−2 to 6.4 × 103 s−1) and total strains (≈15 and ≈20%) with a Gleeble 3500 thermo-mechanical simulator and a Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar system. Under compressive deformation, results showed this alloy possessed excellent strain-hardening behavior, attributed to the occurrence of mechanical twinning during deformation. The prevailing deformation mechanism was observed to be twinning, which was substantiated by microstructural analyses, as well as phase identification and evolution of crystallographic texture.