Red filter dust (RFD) from steel works contains up to 50 mass% iron, which therefore can serve as raw material for steel production. It should be possible to recycle a fraction of the RFD in the converter process of a steel works wherein also scrap for recycling is used. The aim was the investigation of the reduction behavior of the iron oxide in the RFD. This was accomplished by contact of the dust with pig iron containing up to 3.9 mass% carbon and also by addition of bio-char to the dust, creating self-reducing briquettes. The experimental results were compared to the theoretical achievable iron oxide reduction. The reaction time of selected briquettes was calculated by a kinetic approach. Additional the behavior of lead and zinc in the dust was investigated. The mass balance of the converter process indicated the influence of the dust recycling especially regarding the zinc mass flow.