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Experimental Study on Mold Flux Lubrication for Continuous Casting



A new experimental apparatus for simulating mold oscillation of continuous casting was developed to clarify the flux lubrication mechanism in mold channel. Mixed oil which was simulated mold flux was poured and infiltrated down into the channel, and the consumption, liquid level and pressure of mixed oil were detected in the process of oscillation as well as the mechanism of flux process. The results show that the channel of flux with a profile becomes wider along the casting direction, and the lag time of periodical shifting pressure to the oscillating motion is strongly dependent on the flux viscosity and oscillation frequency. The liquid film thickness of flux has a significant influence on the infiltration behavior compared with the oscillating motion of the mold. The liquid flux infiltrates down from the end of positive strip time to the beginning of next positive strip time, and the infiltration is largely dependent on the negative strip time in between. The increase of viscosity of flux, casting speed and oscillation frequency enhances the liquid friction due to the reduction of the mold flux consumption. On the contrary, the higher non-sinusoidal oscillation factor improves the infiltration and decreases the frictional force. The oscillation amplitude increases the consumption and liquid friction slightly.