Transformations in the Iron–Manganese–Oxygen–Carbon System Resulted from Treatment of Solar Energy with High Concentration

Authors

  • Javier Mochón,

    1. Department of Primary Metallurgy, National Center for Metallurgical Research CENIM – CSIC, Madrid, Spain
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Íñigo Ruiz-Bustinza,

    1. Department of Primary Metallurgy, National Center for Metallurgical Research CENIM – CSIC, Madrid, Spain
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Alfonso Vázquez,

    1. Department of Surface Engineering, Corrosion and Durability, National Center for Metallurgical Research CENIM – CSIC, Madrid, Spain
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Daniel Fernández,

    1. Group of Investigation in the Iron and Steel Industries, Metallurgy and Materials, School of Mines, University of Oviedo, Oviedo, Asturias, (Spain) Associated Unit to CENIM-CSIC, Spain
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Julia María Ayala,

    1. Group of Investigation in the Iron and Steel Industries, Metallurgy and Materials, School of Mines, University of Oviedo, Oviedo, Asturias, (Spain) Associated Unit to CENIM-CSIC, Spain
    Search for more papers by this author
  • María Florentina Barbés,

    1. Group of Investigation in the Iron and Steel Industries, Metallurgy and Materials, School of Mines, University of Oviedo, Oviedo, Asturias, (Spain) Associated Unit to CENIM-CSIC, Spain
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Luis Felipe Verdeja

    Corresponding author
    1. Group of Investigation in the Iron and Steel Industries, Metallurgy and Materials, School of Mines, University of Oviedo, Oviedo, Asturias, (Spain) Associated Unit to CENIM-CSIC, Spain
    • www.unioviedo.es/sid-met-mat

    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

With the aim of achieving a “zero waste” generation in industry, particularly in that of iron and steel, we propose studying the option to compete in this type of process, making use of an energy that, in addition to being free of contaminants, is also inexhaustible as is the case of solar energy. Solar energy is currently polarized has its greatest use in the production of electricity, either via thermal solar or photovoltaic, and it is also used as a low temperature heat source for water heating applications in households, hospitals, or hotels. Solar energy, when properly focused, can offer great potential for application in basic operations as well as processes of a chemical or chemical–metallurgical nature used for the obtaining, manipulation, and finishing of metals. Moreover, much waste from the iron and steel industry, make up a by-product whose exploitation requires high energy consumption in order that, either attempts are made to recycle them directly, or they are attempted to be taken advantage by feeding them, together with the conventional load, in reduction ovens. High temperature concentrated thermal solar energy could permit, on one hand, the generation of a high quality product (free of impurities which are detrimental to the process) using clean energy, and, thusly, fulfill the goal of achieving a “zero waste” generation.

Ancillary